A Historical View of Cats

Although it may well make dogs a bit jealous, the most popular pet in the United States is now the cat. Capable of showing affection, tidy in habit, certainly not as boisterous as dogs, the cat can be the ideal pet and companion for busy households that simply may not have the time to devote to the attention-hungry dog. While cats certainly do enjoy the company of their human friends, they are also quite happy to simply lie on a soft cushion or sun on a window sill when left alone for the day.

The domestication of the cat coincided with the beginnings of agriculture. Once people started raising grain, approximately 12,000 years ago, rodents became a problem. Stored grain would provide an untold bounty for mice and rats, and while dogs were terrific at hunting game or protecting flocks and villages, they weren’t as efficient at rodent hunting as cats.

It is now thought that the domestic cat is descended from Felis sylvestris, the cat of the woods. It is also believed that the partnership between humans and cats began in the Middle East, probably in the Fertile Crescent. Domestication spread rapidly wherever humans were planting crops, and within centuries cats were helping to keep precious stored food safe from rodents over most of the Old World.

Even today, mice and rats destroy millions of tons of food every year, either by eating it directly or by despoiling it with their urine and feces. In addition, rodent urine can spread such dangerous diseases as leptospirosis, salmonella, and Hanta virus. Rats are also responsible for spreading bubonic plague, also known as the Black Death, from fleas.

Unlike the dog, which has basically received ‘good press’ throughout its association with mankind, the attitude of people towards cats has been somewhat changeable over the centuries, often to the detriment of cats.

The Ancient Egyptians revered the cat to such a degree that it was considered to be a demi-god. Harming or killing a cat during this time could bring a sentence of death to the perpetrator. Although Felis sylvestris is the root stock from which most cat breeds have sprung, another cat, Felis chaus, is thought to have been bred with sylvestris during this period. Tomb paintings depict cats hunting birds from boats with their human companions. Cats appear in paintings, frescoes, and statuary from Ancient Egypt, and cats were often mummified to assure them of success in the afterlife.

Another people who understood the value of cats in keeping rodents suppressed were the Norse. Their goddess Freya rode in a chariot drawn by a pair of enormous cats, and the farmers in Scandinavia would leave presents to these cats to help make sure that the harvest would be a good one (and probably protected from rodent predation by cats).

Famines were common in Ancient China and protecting stored food was of the utmost importance. The goddess Li Shou was the personification of all that is good in cats and she was invoked to provide protection for the home and grain. Statues of the goddess were present in many homes and offerings were made to be assured of her good will.

While those in China revered the cat, there were some in Japan who had an opposite point of view. Cats were thought to have the ability to become the changelings of princesses they had killed and so entrap unsuspecting princes and cause their downfall.

Undoubtedly, the worst time for cats was during the Middle Ages in Europe. This was a time when superstition overcame religion, and people’s fear of witches and devils caused them to look upon cats as instruments of evil. Part of this stemmed from the preference of cats for night, and partly because some older women who might still be practicing ancient religions that were thought to be witchcraft kept the animals as companions and hunters of mice. The Black Plague is often thought to have become so widespread and severe because so many cats had been killed, allowing the rat population to blossom.

Fortunately, today cats have moved back into their spot as revered animals once again in many parts of the world. Loving companions, but still deadly hunters of rodents, these independent, beautiful, and intelligent creatures are important and cherished members of millions of homes worldwide.

Cat Courageous – Adopting A Cat

Summary: Being cat courageous is recognizing the beauty of a cat and then courageously giving them a second chance by adoption. There are many pros and cons to owning a cat. These responsibilities, as with any animal, requires realistic decision-making, then choosing a kitten or an adult feline. No matter which one is chosen, there isn’t a high enough praise for being cat courageous.

Cats have a beauty that defines sleekness, stealth and grace. Cats have the ability of a ninja, playfulness of a baby and an independence only they can show. Accepting these qualities which makes up the feline is a joy all cat owners can attest to. Having multiple felines in the house only adds to the joy and fascination of these qualities and personalities. There is an added satisfaction when the owner has the courage to adopt an older cat.

Cats, with all their attitude and personalities, have basic needs that need to be met. Examples of these needs include brushing, claw trimming, feeding and litter box changing. When giving a feline a second chance from an adoption agency, bring a feline brush with you. Brushing a cat can be relaxing for them. You will be able to spend one on one time with your choice of cat and relax them as well. By brushing a cat daily you will help maintain a healthy coat of fur and cut down on hairballs. The second thing to evaluate is whether or not they like their paws being touched. Although this not the act of claw trimming, the touching of paws is half the battle. Another item to evaluate in the basic needs category is whether or not the cat uses a litter box. This can be evaluated by either direct observation or asking the caretakers. The last item in basic needs being met is the diet. This must be asked, as older cats may or may not have special dietary needs because of allergies, or other medical conditions. Of course all these basic needs leads to monetary responsibility.

Even though cats are independent creatures they are by no means a cheap animal to care for. The phrase “cheaper by the dozen” does not apply to cats. Is a kitten or an older cat less expensive? My answer, they are about the same. Either, the kitten or the older cat, have the same basic needs that need to be met. Along with these needs comes the vet bills for the shots that are needed. Should you adopt a cat, not from an agency, the feline will need to be neutered or spayed, ask your vet on how to get a voucher to help off set this cost. Many years of great health can be enjoyed when preventative checkups are given.

Cats can give many years of love, laughter and heartaches. Cats are also a popular animal in people’s households. This means there are a lot of articles out there about cats. Think about a question you may have, an there is bound to be an article out in the Internet world or book displays that can give you an answer.

Be cat courageous and look at adopting an older cat as you will be rewarded with personality that only a cat can bring into any household.

Our senior cat, Biskers was adopted when she was 3 years old. Being once an outside cat, she now lives a spoiled lifestyle of being “master” of the house. She doesn’t show the slightest hint of wanting to go outside. She owns the couch and demands her brushing daily. She has her “spot” when its dinner time and her after dinner lounging tunnel. Biskers adds royalty to the household by her mannerism and demands.

Find the Best Heat Lamps

Once you decide to get an Iguana pet, you have probably spent a lot of time surfing the internet for information on your exotic pet. If you have found good information on the care of Iguanas, you will know that this species needs a specific light and heat source in its terrarium.

Why It Needs Heat

Iguanas are cold blooded reptiles and their physiology needs a good external heat source since their bodies cannot stay at a constant temperature. All of their body functions depend on the environment that they are in and its current temperature. An Iguana’s native environment is in warm tropical weather, so they need this type of environment to thrive. Although a permanent heat source may not be vital for their circulatory system, they depend on it for their digestive system. Iguanas without heat lamps can suffer from malnutrition because they cannot assimilate nutrients from their food. This can also cause health problems in the future.

The Reasons Why Light is so Important

In the Iguana’s natural tropical habitat, they spend the majority of their daytime in the sunshine for two good reasons. One reason is because they need the heat as was discussed before. The other reason is that they need the light that comes from the sun. The UVB and UVA radiations can also be provided in an artificial environment too. These ultraviolet rays can help their bodies make vitamin D and properly process Calcium that they take in. Without this process, Iguanas would be calcium deficient. Eventually, they would receive bone injuries and catch diseases.

We Can Provide Iguanas with the Necessary Light and Heat

Here are some good ways that we can give our pet Iguanas the heat and light that they really need. Since not all pet owners live in a sunny environment year round, there can be many different choices. Direct sunlight is a great option if it is available. Sunlight that comes through glass or plastic is not effective because most of the ultraviolet rays will be filtered this way without reaching their destination. In a cold climate, owners can purchase UV lamps and heat lamps to give his or her pet the gift of warmth and light. This will allow the Iguanas to function at their best. A pet owner should always have a basking area for his or pet, and a shady area is important too. If the animal gets too hot, it should have a place to cool off. Since it is a cold blooded animal, it cannot cool itself off or raise its temperature either. An Iguana will alternate between sunbathing and retreating in the shadows to get cooled off. Pet owners will need a thermometer to keep track of its temperature to make sure that it does not go below 80 degrees Fahrenheit. This is the best way to keep your iguana happy and in good health. You want to try and keep your pet Iguana in a habitat that is as close as possible to its natural one.

The Risk Of Neglecting Your Pets Oral Care!

Whilst most pet owners are concerned about the oral hygiene of their pet, many others should understand that this is a matter that could possibly carry severe repercussions if left unattended. The problem does not end with just the mouth. It goes on to unleash various other medical complications that may in some cases, prove to be fatal.

Pet owners at times may notice their cat has a bad smell. They may ignore it. However, the bad smell coming from the pet’s mouth may be a sign of oral disease. The fact is that a cat’s oral hygiene is essential for maintaining the overall health of the pet.

Poor oral hygiene does not only cause tooth decay or gum disease. Apart from aggravating these conditions, poor oral hygiene goes on to cause serious health issues such as heart, kidney and lung diseases. A cat’s teeth are most vulnerable to plaque build-up. The plaque could go on to cause separation of the gums from the teeth. This would in return cause the formation of packets of bacteria which result in infections. The problem does not end here as it goes on to afflict the internal organs of the body. Failure of internal organs such heart and kidneys could possibly result in death.

These are the reasons why any pet dental problem needs to be avoided. The best way to do so is by introducing hygiene practices early. Though it is difficult to train a cat to accept routine brushing, it becomes easier once you start doing it regularly. There are some brushing techniques that need to be learnt.

Another important aspect of preventing a pet dental problem is inspecting the cat teeth for any signs of oral diseases. In particular, the presence of inflamed gums or cysts under the tongue needs to be checked. Regular checkups and follow-up appointments are a good way to prevent the pet dental problem. Cat teeth unlike humans do not suffer from tooth enamel decay. Generally it is an infection or inflammation or receding of gums that afflicts them. This is exactly what causes discomfort and drooling in the pets. Dental disease as pointed out earlier, can cause heart and kidney diseases in older cats. This is because of the bacteria that live in the infected tissue that could go on to enter the blood stream and hence affect the internal organs.

Hence, as it can be seen, cat teeth are vulnerable to tartar and plaque. These can give rise to a host of other medical problems such as gum disease, tooth decay and infections. The next possible cause is the failure of internal organs such as the heart and kidneys because the bacterium that has accumulated in the gums finds a way to enter the blood stream and lodge itself in the internal organs. This calls for the need to attend to the cat teeth to avoid any oral health problems. This needs to be addressed occasionally so that an overall good oral hygiene can be maintained. This is because cat teeth require special care.

Holiday and Winter Hazards and Your Pets

While our dogs will be very unlikely to understand the meaning of the winter holiday season, they will certainly pick up on the excitement and preparations. There will often be guests visiting, and in the subsequent bustle, it will be easier for your dog to bring harm upon himself. Keeping in mind that the holidays can present dangers to dogs, and understanding what those dangers might be can help guarantee that your best friend will be in good shape to greet the New Year.

Christmas and the holiday season in general will see a great deal of candy in evidence, including chocolates. Although dogs love chocolate as much as their owners do, chocolate is poisonous to dogs – the problem element is theobromine, and it will not take much to make a dog sick, or even cause the dog’s death. The darker the chocolate, the more danger for your dog. Keep chocolate out of the reach of all dogs in the home.

Skip giving King or Beauty any of your fruit cake this year, too. Grapes and raisins are both poisonous to dogs. Any other cookie or cake that contains raisins, almonds, or currents should be on the forbidden list.

Dieters who are substituting xylitol for sugar to save on calories should keep any treats prepared with this sweetener away from their dog. Xylitol will cause a rapid and potentially fatal drop in blood sugar in dogs.

Many people are tempted to throw the dog some of the turkey bones as the holiday bird is picked clean. Despite the mythos of dogs surviving on bones, bones of all kinds are actually dangerous for dogs as they can splinter and perforate the stomach or intestines.

The holidays mean that a great deal of fatty food will be in evidence, and fat trimmed from ham, roasts, or the roast bird can pose problems for your dog. Too much fat can bring on an episode of pancreatitis, which is painful at best, and life-threatening at the worst.

Tinsel is sometimes looked upon as a delicacy by dogs. Eating tinsel can result in intestinal blockage, which will necessitate a trip to the vet’s to handle. Glass ornaments that fall off the tree and shatter can also be eaten by dogs, especially puppies.

The Christmas tree can cause problems for your dog in several ways: dogs can knock over the tree either accidentally or deliberately, or the dog might eat some of the pine needles. Once inside your dog, pine needles will act in much the same way as bones; puncturing the tissues of the intestines and stomach. They can also lodge in the esophagus.

While the dangers of antifreeze are now quite well known and dog owners generally make sure to keep this away from their dogs, they may be unaware that those lovely snow globes often have an antifreeze-based fluid inside them. If these break, a dog could lap up poison that could cause kidney failure.

It’s no secret that people tend to consume a greater than normal amount of alcoholic beverages during the holidays, and some of these can be attractive to your dog, especially a drink like eggnog. Holiday punch may also smell good to a dog, so keep any drinks that contain alcohol well out of the dog’s reach.

Decorations for the holiday often include candles, which lend a definite atmosphere. However, in addition to the dangers of burns and hot wax, if your dog knocks over a burning candle, it can cause a house fire, especially if the candle was near the Christmas tree.

Puppies, and some older dogs, too, will often chew on electrical cords. While you may have taken care to keep your usual cords safe from canine teeth, lights on the tree and other decorations can present additional hazards, so take care to keep all pets away from electric cords.

Don’t let your dog get lost outside during the holidays. With the arrival of company, the door will be open for much longer than it is usually, and a dog that has become nervous with all the new people and happenings may bolt out. Making sure that your dog is wearing his or her tags or has been micro-chipped are ways of assuring that you will get your lost pooch back as quickly as possible.

Keeping your dog safe and healthy over the holiday season isn’t difficult; it just takes a bit of forethought and planning.

Acupuncture for Cats and Dogs

Acupuncture is a form of traditional Chinese medicine where tiny needles are placed into the body to promote healing, most people are aware of alternative medical intervention for humans, but most are not aware that this procedure can also be performed on animals. While Chinese veterinarians have used acupuncture to treat dogs and cats for thousands of years, it wasn’t until the 20th century that acupuncture, as a form of alternative intervention for humans gained popularity in Western Europe, Canada, the United States and Australia.

Different acupuncture points are located along an animal’s body (as in the human anatomy); each acupuncture point promotes healing when stimulated. Acupuncture can stimulate nerves, relieve muscle spasms, increase blood flow, and release endorphins and cortical, a natural steroid produced in the body.

Acupuncture can be used alone or in conjunction with other veterinary treatments (for example medication) for cats and dogs. Musculoskeletal problems, such as traumatic nerve injury, arthritis, and intervertebral disc disease, certain types of reproductive issues, allergic dermatitis, gastrointestinal problems, and respiratory problems, like feline asthma, may be treated with veterinary acupuncture.

Like humans, animals should not feel pain from the insertion of acupuncture needles, in fact, once the needles are in place, animals do not feel any pain. It has been observed that quite on the contrary, cats and dogs receiving acupuncture appear to become very relaxed during the treatment. However, occasionally cats and dogs experience some discomfort during acupuncture due to numbness, tingling, or cramps.

The length and frequency with which a cat or dog will need acupuncture treatments depends on the animal’s condition and the method of stimulation (e.g., aquacupuncture, electroacupuncture, etc). An acute, simple medical issue, such as a sprain, may be treated with a single acupuncture treatment while a more complex, chronic problem, such as arthritis, may take several sessions. In addition, the effectiveness of the treatments depends on the condition being treated, the skill of the veterinary acupuncturist, and the length and frequency of sessions.

In general, acupuncture is safe and does not have any side effects when treatment is performed by a properly trained veterinary acupuncturist. However, rarely side effects can occur. For instance, an animal’s condition may appear to worsen for up to two (2) days following an acupuncture session. Alternatively, a cat or dog may be lethargic for one day following a treatment. These side effects are temporary, and an animal’s condition typically improves within a couple of days.

Given the differences in human and animal anatomy and the potential for harm if performed incorrectly, dogs and cats should only receive acupuncture from a properly trained veterinary acupuncturist. Additionally, most states, providences, and countries consider acupuncture a surgical procedure in veterinary medicine, so animals should only receive treatments from a licensed veterinarian. A veterinarian is the best person to diagnose a cat or dog’s condition and determine if the animal could benefit from acupuncture.

Dogs and cats may benefit from acupuncture. If you are interested in seeking this type of treatment for your pet’s medical condition, extra care should be taken when searching for an acupuncture for you pet. One way to do this is to narrow your search to outline ‘acupuncturist for dogs/cats’ rather then searching for an ‘acupuncture clinics’, this will ensure that you are in contact with the right professionals to help your pet.

Five Tips for Selecting the Best Cat Tree

One of the best ways to satisfy your cat’s curiosity and keep in shape is to provide her with a cat tree. Since there are many such trees offered in the market, you should spend enough time understanding a few things before purchasing one for your beloved pet. Many pets need enough amount of stimulation to prevent them from getting bored, and cat trees are definitely one among best cat furniture that will keep your cat active through the day. But before making decision which tree is best for your feline friend you should consider some things.

Safety Matters a Lot!

It should be the very first thing that you need to consider, when shopping for a cat tree. Not only should you provide safety for your cat, but also for you or anyone who comes close to that tree. Cat owner should know what their cats can do, and if there are risky areas in your home, the pets are going to explore it for sure.

The manufacturer is responsible for making a well-constructed cat trees, but the owners are equally responsible for making good judgment in terms of selection. Ensure that the design of the tree does not compromise on safety. Some of them could be made of cheap materials and could collapse under the weight of your pet. You may also want to buy a tree, which will not trip over when your cat takes a flying leap, lands on side or top of the cat tree. The lighter and smaller trees are not the best option if you have big or heavy cats at home. Check the stability of tree before making the purchase. Some of the manufacturers use toxic chemicals, glues, and dyes in the making process, and it is strictly not recommended to go for such ones.


Ensure that the kitty cat tree you intend to buy is accessible to your cat or kitty. Cats should be able to climb tree in all situations. You pets many be overweight, old, have health problems, or declawed. If you’ve bigger cats, take trees that can accommodate properly. The cats should be able to get down or up the tree very easily.


Some cat trees at local stores are made with cheap materials, so stability should always be checked. Many use cardboard as the main support, which is not that safe, especially when the cat is climbing the tree.

Don’t Overlook the Visual Appeal

The cat tree not only should appeal to your pet, but it should also be great addition to your home décor. If you’ve spent $2000 on a new sofa or furniture, you wouldn’t of course want to see ugly tree placed in the middle of living room. So, make it a point to choose something that complements your furniture, design, and style of the room.


It is not about buying some cheap or expensive kitty tree, but purchasing something that offers great value for money. Have some budget in your mind and buy a tree that will satisfy both you and your cat.

Keeping all these things in mind, now you can choose a secure, well-balanced, and stable cat tree, and keep your pets happy.

Safe and effective tick & flea control

There are thousands of pesticides, oral medications, sprays, dips, shampoos, and powders that are approved to control fleas and ticks on cats and dogs. Some products kill only ticks or adult fleas-others break the flea life cycle by preventing flea eggs from developing into adult fleas. Most of those products contain insecticides, which should not be used on pets that are sickly, pregnant, or nursing, or with certain drugs that may interact with the insecticide.

Insecticide can endanger the health of your pet, especially the liver. After applying the product, if your pet shows symptoms of illness after treatment, call your veterinarian. Symptoms of poisoning may include poor appetite, depression, vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive salivation.

What most of pet owners don’t know is the fact that chemical products become 100 % more aggressive and stronger every year due to increase of parasite’s resistance. These are extremely aggressive methods for pet’s protection and they should be used rarest possible.
Important fact is that there is 25 % infection of ticks, meaning every fourth one is infected and transmits a disease, so it’s our duty to provide good anti-parasite protection for our loved ones, but at the same time, we have to take care of their safety as well.

To avoid intoxicating your pet, you should use safe and scientifically proven products to prevent parasites from attaching to your pet.


Other anti-parasite products provide up to maximum 90 % effectiveness.

Compared with other anti-parasite products that have to be applied over and over every few months, Pet Protector is your pet’s guardian for a 2 year period. If you compare how much money you would have to spend for another product in a 2 year period, Pet Protector costs 5 times less!

Pet Protector is NON-TOXIC and contains NO CHEMICAL elements.

Pet Protector helps better blood circulation and therefore strengthens the immune system and initiates detoxification!



Pet Protector disc can be used from the first day of your pet’s life.

It’s important for pet owners WHO USE CHEMICAL PRODUCTS to read the label and follow the directions carefully. If the label states that the product is for animals of a certain age or older, don’t use the product on pets that are younger. Puppies and kittens are usually too young for chemical products against fleas and ticks.

Pet Protector is non-toxic and contains no chemical elements; THEREFORE IS COMPLETELY SAFE FOR YOUR NEWBORN PET. No need to wash your hands after touching it or to prevent your children playing with their pet.

The Pet Protector medallion can be ordered from our website and delivered to your home.

“Keep Your Loved Ones Safe”

Make the most comfortable home for your pet with pet beds and houses

Dog beds make a dog’s life easier by getting them off the floor and onto a comfy surface. Better yet, they help keep dogs off your furniture and your own bed.

Dog beds are a great way to offer comfort to your pets, giving them their own spot to relax and sleep in. You get the satisfaction of knowing that you’ve given your dog her own private spot to hang out on while keeping her off the cold floor. We offer a wide variety of dog beds, designing our selection so that you can find what you need for your pet.

Older dogs tend to get arthritis and other age-related aches and pains, which makes a dog bed a great idea for them. It gets them off the floor and onto a cushion that supports and cradles their joints, giving them instant relief. Heated versions are available, adding another layer of pain relief. Consider a bed with a rim around it to give the dog the option to rest itself against a surface so it can take some weight off while lying down.

Does your dog like to sleep on your bed because it’s soft and comfortable? There are dog beds made to mimic a human bed with a soft and plush material that envelops the dog when it lies down. You benefit by keeping your dog off the expensive covers, and your dog gets a wonderful bed to lie on.

There are mats and beds that are designed to fit into dog crates, too. You can leave for work, knowing that you’ve made your dog’s “cave” as comfortable as possible for the day. The dog gets to relax on top of a much more comfortable surface.

While there is no material made yet that can keep a dog from completely destroying its bed, whether with teeth or time, we do test out our products before offering them for sale to you. This is our way of providing quality products to our customers. If we don’t like it, we know you won’t.

About Pet Stores Outlet

The best deals in pet supplies!

Pet Stores Outlet is the biggest supplier of pet products for pet owners and stores; all our products are fully tested before being put up for sale.

How Ticks Can Impact Your Dog’s Health

There is basically no region of the country that can be considered free of tick borne diseases. These diseases can have a serious impact on your dog’s life, and being aware that they exist can help you detect symptoms early and get treatment when it will be most effective.

Ticks are active during the entire year in winter-free regions and will appear in colder areas as soon as the ground thaws. Never assume it’s too early or too cold to find ticks on your dog. Our Pip even got one from somewhere when there was 2 feet of snow on the ground. Check your dog over after every outing, even if it’s only been to the backyard. Catching ticks before they attach to the pet is much easier than prying them off later.
Most people probably think that ticks are insects, but they are actually a member of the spider family. An adult tick has 8 lets, just like a spider, and feeds on the blood of living animals. However, while spiders will form egg cases for reproduction, the female tick itself sometimes forms the egg case – in some tick species, the eggs mature inside the swollen body of the female, which eventually bursts to release hundreds of tick nymphs, while other species simply lay the eggs on the ground. These tiny ticks have only 6 legs and generally feed on smaller animals like mice and shrews until they mature.

Ticks feed by inserting their mouthparts into the flesh of their host and drawing blood out. An anticoagulant is used to keep the food supply flowing, and the bite itself causes extreme irritation including itching and oozing of clear liquid.

Removing ticks from your dog safely is important because they can either leave mouthparts in the skin or regurgitate into victim, opening the possibility of more infective agents entering the dog’s body. Use fine tweezers or a special tick removing tool to grab the tick as closely to the skin as possible, and use a slow, but steady motion to draw the tick out. From personal experience, I have found that swollen female ticks will inevitably leave their mouthparts in the skin regardless of how careful I have been, raising the chance of infection.

The types of ticks most dogs and people encounter are the dog or wood tick and the deer tick. There are actually about 90 species of ticks found in the United States, although some have a very limited geographic range.

Tick borne diseases can cause serious illness in dogs, as we found out with our French Bulldogs several years ago. The first to become ill, Iris, was taken to the vet the first day her symptoms of limping and lethargy appeared. A blood test revealed that she had both Lyme disease and Ehrlichiosis. Although she was on the appropriate antibiotic, she lost the use of all 4 legs in 3 days, and was unable to even drink on her own; we had to use a syringe. She ate nothing for over a week until the medicine finally kicked in. She was literally reduced to a loose bag of bones. Primmy and Pip also became ill, but not to as great an extent, and all the dogs recovered after a month of antibiotic treatment.

Ehrlichiosis is also called tracker dog disease and is a legacy of the Vietnam War. Returning dogs used by the military were infected with Ehrlichiosis, and it causes symptoms such as joint pain, high fever, lethargy, vomiting, and diarrhea. Unless treated, long term damage can occur to the heart and joints.

Lyme disease causes many of the same symptoms as Ehrlichiosis, and the antibiotic used to treat it, doxycycline, is also the same.

Rocky Mountain spotted fever is even more serious a disease than the above two, and can be fatal if untreated. Symptoms, again are similar to tracker dog disease and Lyme, but can include skin lesions and cough. Heart attacks can also occur. In addition to doxycycline, tetracycline can also be used to treat it.

Anaplasmosis is yet another serious tick borne disease and this time the infective agents target either the white blood cells or the platelets. This disease causes muscular pain, fever, general malaise, coughing, and diarrhea. Doxycycline is the medicine of choice to cure the dog.

Babesiosis is caused by a tiny parasite, and this one attacks the red blood cells. Anemia is one obvious result as well as red urine, lethargy, fever, and weakness. Unfortunately, treatment for this disease is more complicated than for the others, and often involves a combination of drug therapies combined with blood transfusions in extreme cases.

There are a number of products on the market that are applied to the dog’s back that will either kill ticks on contact or hopefully before they are able to infect the dog. Flea and tick collars also offer protection.

Carefully checking your dog after he or she has been outside is also a good way to prevent these diseases. Ticks often wander around for quite a while before settling in for a meal, and disease transmission depends on how long the tick has been attached – it usually takes about 72 hours before enough pathogens enter the system to do harm. You should check with your vet with any concerns or questions regarding tick borne illnesses in your pet.